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What Causes Ear Wax To Harden

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How Is Earwax Buildup Treated

Hard Ear Wax Removal Is Not Easy In This Shy Girl-Dr Paulose FRCS

There are safe ways to remove earwax if it is causing pain or loss of hearing. You can use baby oil, mineral oil, or special ear drops to soften the earwax. This may be enough to get extra wax to move slowly out of the ear. The wax will fall out or may be cleaned safely from the outer ear with a washcloth.

Earwax that is causing problems can be removed by your healthcare provider. Your provider may use irrigation , a curette , or suction.

Your healthcare provider may refer you to an ear-nose-throat specialist for earwax removal if you have:

  • frequent blockages by earwax
  • chronic ear disease
  • an eardrum with a tear or hole in it
  • only one ear with good hearing and that ear is the one with the earwax buildup.

The Good Bad And The Ugly Of Ear Wax

Posted April 20, 2016

You may have heard the saying, “you should not put anythingin your ears that is smaller than your elbows.” But how many of us actuallylisten to that? And how can you clean your ears safely?

First, a quick anatomy lesson. The outer ear includes thepinna, or the fleshy external part of the ear made of cartilage, as well as theear canal going to the eardrum. The middle ear, composed of the eardrum,creates vibrations based on the sound waves going into the ear. The inner earis responsible for converting vibrations into nerve impulses into the brain,for us to hear. The inner ear also plays a role in our balance.

So what is ear waxand why do we need it?The ear canal is covered with skin. The wall of the earcanal is sensitive to touch because there is a cranial nerve that passes justbelow the back canal wall surface. The outer two thirds of the ear canal hascartilage with glands that produce ear wax. Ear wax contains enzymes that helpprevent bacteria and fungus from growing in the ear. It also traps dust anddirt particles that enter the ear.

Wax is healthy for you and it should be there! It only needs to be removed for thefollowing reasons:

1. When a doctor needs to move it out of the way in order tosee the eardrum to rule out an infection or other problems going on.2. When there is a giant blockage of ear wax that is causinghearing loss or pain.

Causes Of Earwax Buildup

Some people are prone to produce too much earwax. Still, excess wax doesnt automatically lead to blockage. In fact, the most common cause of earwax blockage is at-home removal. Using cotton swabs, bobby pins, or other objects in your ear canal can also push wax deeper, creating a blockage.

Youre also more likely to have wax buildup if you frequently use earphones. They can inadvertently prevent earwax from coming out of the ear canals and cause blockages.

The appearance of earwax varies from light yellow to dark brown. Darker colors dont necessarily indicate that theres a blockage.

Signs of earwax buildup include:

  • sudden or partial hearing loss, which is usually temporary
  • tinnitus, which is a ringing or buzzing in the ear
  • a feeling of fullness in the ear

Unremoved earwax buildup can lead to infection. Contact your doctor if you experience the symptoms of infection, such as:

  • severe pain in your ear
  • pain in your ear that doesnt subside
  • drainage from your ear
  • dizziness

Its important to note that hearing loss, dizziness, and earaches also have many other causes. See your doctor if any of these symptoms are frequent. A full medical evaluation can help determine whether the problem is due to excess earwax or another health issue entirely.

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How Is Earwax Buildup And Blockage Treated

Earwax can be removed in several ways. Some of these methods can be done at home.

You can clean the outside of the ear by wiping with a cloth. Dont wad up the cloth and push it into the ear canal.

You can use cerumenolytic solutions into the ear canal. These solutions include:

  • Mineral oil.
  • Hydrogen peroxide or peroxide-based ear drops .
  • Saline solution.

With these solutions, you put a few drops into the affected ear with a dropper and lie on the opposite side so that the solution can drip into your affected ear. You can also soak a cotton ball and put it over the affected ear and let the solution drip into the ear.

Another option is irrigating or syringing the ear. This involves using a syringe to rinse out the ear canal with water or saline solution. Generally, this is done after the wax has been softened or dissolved by a cerumenolytic.

Finally, your healthcare provider can remove the wax manually using special instruments. The provider might use a cerumen spoon, forceps, or suction device.

Note: Your ears _should not _be irrigated if you have, or think you have, a perforation in your eardrum or if you have tubes in the affected ear.

How not to clean your ears

Dont use suction devices for home use . They arent effective for most people and arent recommended.

Ear candles, which are advertised as a natural method to remove earwax, are ineffective. They can also cause injuries such as burns to the external ear and ear canal and perforation of the eardrum.

Problems From Using Cotton

What is Earwax?
  • The cotton-tipped swab pushes the wax back in. The earwax builds up and causes symptoms.
  • Ear canal blockage
  • Trapped water behind the wax .
  • Itchy or painful canals, especially in teens who often use Q-tips. A dry ear canal is always itchy.
  • Sometimes, bleeding or damage to the eardrum.
  • Cotton swabs cause more than 10,000 ear injuries each year in the US. More than 2,000 are punctured ear drums. Never allow young children to play with cotton swabs.

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When To See A Doctor

See your doctor immediately if you have any ear pain or an ear infection. Tell your doctor if you have trouble hearing or hear ringing in your ears, even if it only happens sometimes.

If youve had ear problems in the past, its best to have your doctor remove impacted earwax. Additionally, get medical treatment if eardrops and at-home treatments dont work.

Tell your doctor if you think you may have hardened earwax or if earwax buildup happens often. Earwax removal is a common procedure in family doctors offices.

Your doctor will look into your ears with a scope to find out how much earwax there is and how deep it is. If you have a lot of impacted hard, dry earwax it may take more than one visit to remove it.

Your doctor may recommend using more eardrops first to help soften and loosen the earwax. Removal methods at your doctors office include:

  • Ear irrigation. An electric pump pushes water into the ear and washes earwax out.
  • Microsuction. A small medical device is used to suck earwax out of the ear.
  • Aural scraping. Your doctor uses a thin instrument with a loop at one end to clean out earwax.

Trying to remove earwax yourself can sometimes make it worse. You may push the earwax deeper into your ear. It can also damage your ear canal or even the eardrum. Avoid putting these things in your ear canal:

  • fingers

Home Remedies To Loosen Ear Wax

We all know that home remedies are the best way to treat any kind of disease, or problem. If you are comfortable with home remedies, then here are some home remedies to get rid of excessive ear wax.

1. Salt Water

Salt water is the best home remedy to treat ear wax and it can soften the wax accumulated inside the ear, making it easy to get rid of.

  • Combine 1 teaspoon of salt in ½ cup of warm water until the salt dissolves completely.
  • Immerse a cotton ball in the salty solution.
  • Squeeze the cotton ball to put a few drops of the salty water into the ear.
  • Stay in the same position for 3-5 minutes.
  • Next, tilt your head in the opposite direction to allow the salty water to drain out.
  • Now, clean your ear with a cloth to remove the softened wax.

2. Hydrogen Peroxide

It is also a best remedy to treat ear wax. Hydrogen peroxide can remove the ear wax and dirt from the ear canal very easily.

  • Mix equal amount of both hydrogen peroxide and water.
  • Fill an ear dropper with this solution.
  • Rotate your head sideways and put a few drops of solution into the ear.
  • Leave it for some time, and then rotate your head towards the opposite side to drain out the solution.
  • Clean away the ear wax by using a clean cloth.

3. Baby Oil

To remove ear wax, you can also use baby oil. It can help you in better way.

4. Warm Water

5. Olive Oil

6. Vinegar and Alcohol

7. Garlic oil

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Who Experiences Earwax Buildup

Earwax buildup can happen to anyone. Its estimated to be present in about 10% of children and 5% of adults who are healthy.

However, it is more likely to occur in:

  • People who use hearing aids, ear plugs or ear buds.
  • People with a lot of ear hair or who have certain skin conditions.
  • People who put cotton swabs or other items into their ears.
  • Older people.
  • People with developmental disabilities.
  • People with ear canals shaped in such a way as to interfere with natural wax removal.


Children produce earwax. Unless they produce too much, you should be careful about cleaning their ears. Only use a washcloth to clean the outside. Dont worry about it unless there are signs that your child is being bothered by earwax buildup. These signs may include pulling or tugging at the ears, putting things into the ears or problems with hearing. If this happens, contact your healthcare provider.

Older adults

Older adults may have difficulty with earwax buildup if they wear hearing aids. They might also just ignore their ears. Earwax buildup can cause significant hearing loss and should be addressed.

Hardening And Becoming Rocklike

781 – Squelchy Ear Wax Removal off Eardrum

Ear wax is called cerumen, according to Cerumen is created from your ears’ hair follicles and glands. Everyone has ear wax, but some people have way too much. According to, this many occur because there is an overproduction of wax or there are problems regarding the natural removal and clearance of the wax. Some people may have narrow ear canals or the angle of the canal may be such that is slows down the natural passage of wax . These are the people who suffer from wax buildup. The wax hardens and becomes rocklike if it has been in the ear for a long time.

  • Ear wax is called cerumen, according to
  • According to, this many occur because there is an overproduction of wax or there are problems regarding the natural removal and clearance of the wax.

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What Is Ear Wax

Ear wax is a natural waxy substance produced by glands.

Earwax is a helpful and natural part of our bodys defense. It cleans, lubricates, and protects our ear canal by trapping dirt and slowing the growth of bacteria which helps to prevent infections.

The absence of ear wax may result in dry, itchy ears, and even infection. Ear wax is formed in the outer third of the ear canal.

Earwax doesnt usually cause problems, but if too much earwax is produced it can cause a blockage which can be painful or could cause hearing loss.

Prevention Of Ear Wax Blockage

It is not possible to reduce the amount of ear wax you produce or to widen your ear canals. However, there are ways to reduce the incidence of wax build-up, including:

  • Use wax-softening drops or oil twice a week, or according to the manufacturers instructions.
  • Avoid cleaning the ear canals with cotton buds or fingertips, as any object poked into the ear can compact the wax.
  • Limit ear cleaning to the outer ear only.
  • Treat any associated inflammatory skin conditions.

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Why Do I Have So Much Ear Wax

Ear wax problems can be caused by:

1. Genetics

Genetically, more than normal earwax is secreted in some peoples ears. You are more likely to have excessive ear wax production if theres a family history of the same.

2. Surroundings

Particles like debris, microorganisms and too much dust in the air can enter the ear canal. Excess wax production, therefore, occurs because the ear manufactures more wax to deal with the situation.

3. Habits

In case you are always listening to loud music or wear earphones frequently, your ears produce more earwax for self-protection. Besides, earphones and headphones can prevent wax from dropping out. The same can happen if you use hearing aids.

4. Cleaning

The incorrect attempt of earwax elimination using bobby pins or sharp objects may cause skin scratches. To protect against irritation, your ears will manufacture excess wax.

5. Inner Ear Infection

Wax production by sebaceous glands in the middle ear helps to eliminate dirt here, thereby preventing bacteria from getting into the inner ear. Once microorganisms enter the inner ear, wax cannot remove them. Moreover, any pus that oozes into the middle ear may cause increased wax secretion that can lead to wax buildup.

6. Other Causes

Other causes of increased wax in the ear include ear canal narrowing , hair overgrowth within the canal and hypothyroidism. All this can lead you to wonder “Why do I have so much ear wax?”

Things Your Earwax Says About Your Health

What Causes Earwax Buildup &  Ways to Remove It

It’s kind of gross. But you can learn a lot about what’s going on inside your body by paying attention to the stuff it produces.

The color and consistency of your pee, poop, saliva, and mucus can signal potential health issuesor reassure you that all’s well. The same is true of the stuff that oozes out of your ears, though experts say your earwax isn’t as informative as a lot of people assume.

“To be honest, earwax doesn’t warrant a lot of attention in our practice,” says Brett Comer, MD, an assistant professor and otolaryngologist at the University of Kentucky.

Earwaxor “cerumen,” to use what Comer calls its “50-cent term”helps keep dirt and bacteria from getting too far inside your ear canal. “People seem to worry about it a lot, and they ask if they’re making too much or too little, or about the color,” he says. “But it’s not like snot where those little things can tell us a lot.”

While earwax may not excite your doctor the way boogers do, there are still some things your ear goop can tell you about your health. Here are 6 of them.

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It’s watery, and has a greenish tint.If you’ve been sweating, a watery discharge from your ear is probably the result of your perspiration leaking down into your ear and mixing with the wax, Comer says. But if you haven’t been sweating, and the watery wax is greenish or dark yellow, that could indicate an ear infection, he says.

It’s sticky, or dry.

You don’t seem to have any.

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What Causes Impacted Ear Wax

Causes of ear wax impaction include:

  • Diseases that affect the ear such as skin problems that cause excess skin cell shedding, including eczema
  • Narrow ear canal
  • May become narrower after an ear injury
  • May narrow following severe or multiple ear infections
  • Changes in ear wax and lining due to aging: ear wax becomes harder and thicker as people age
  • Improper ear-cleaning habits: use of cotton swabs or other tools can actually push ear wax deeper into the ear canal instead of removing it
  • Production of too much ear wax
  • Occurs in some people naturally
  • Can occur if water is trapped in the ear
  • May be due to ear injury
  • Bony blockage
  • Infection, such as swimmers ear
  • Autoimmune disease such as lupus
  • When Is Irrigation Not Suitable

    Ear irrigation is not suitable for everyone in all circumstances. The procedure may be unsuitable if any of the following factors apply:

    • The person has had ear surgery in the last 12 months.
    • A child has a tympanostomy tube, also called a grommet, which is a small tube that doctors insert to allow ventilation of the middle ear.
    • Another foreign body is blocking the ear canal.
    • The person was born with a cleft palate.
    • The individual has a perforated eardrum or has had one in the last 12 months.
    • The person has or has recently had otitis media, which is an infection of the middle ear.
    • There is a mucous discharge from the ear, which could indicate an undiagnosed perforation.

    Anyone who has had any problems, such as severe vertigo or pain, following previous irrigation should not undergo this procedure again.

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    What You Can Do To Improve Your Ear Wax

    Sometimes ear wax can be removed by allowing shampoo suds to enter your ear while washing your hair. However, be sure to avoid forceful water from the shower directly entering your ear. This could cause serious damage. Some over-the-counter products are available to help loosen ear wax blockages.

    You should never use an instrument designed for another purpose, such as a tooth cleaning instrument or other device, to try to remove ear wax. This could seriously damage your eardrum.

    When To Get Medical Help

    716 – Challenging Trapped Ear Wax Removal

    You’ll need assistance to remove a blockage. If the buildup is fairly close to the opening of the ear canal, a general practitioner can do the job. In fact, earwax removal is one of the most common otolaryngological procedures performed in a primary care setting. There are two common techniques doctors employ to remove impacted wax. One involves using a curette, a slender instrument designed to fit into the narrow ear canal, with a curved tip to scrape or scoop out wax. The other method is to use an irrigation device, like a rubber bulb syringe or a water pick filled with warm water .

    There are risks to both methods, though. Scraping away with a curette can nick the skin in the ear canal, and sending a force of water into the canal can damage the eardrum or lead to infection if some of that liquid gets stuck behind the eardrum and isn’t able to drain properly.

    If the ear is impacted with a hard, stubborn chunk of wax that’s really lodged in there, it’s time to bring out the big guns namely, an ear, nose and throat doctor . This specialist has an arsenal of precise tools at his disposal to go deep, without harming the delicate eardrum. One method Ying uses involves a suspended surgical microscope, which lets her see deep inside the ear canal as she works she dilates the ear canal with a speculum, then uses suction to dislodge the wax.

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