Sunday, August 14, 2022

Can An Ear Infection Cause Permanent Hearing Loss

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Will My Hearing Go Back To Normal

Can strep throat cause permanent hearing damage? – Dr. Harihara Murthy

Typically when the infections are treated promptly hearing will be restored to normal or close to normal. If, however, there is permanent auditory impairment the treatment is auditory aids. Thankfully, this technology has come a long way over the past few decades, and while it wont fully restore your hearing, these aids give you back a great deal of your hearing and make it easier to handle normal everyday living. Unlike glasses, which let you see immediately, auditory aids can take time to get used to while your brain remembers how to process sounds that is has been missing, so be patient! Let yourself adjust to auditory aids, because it will help you to understand people more effectively than if you didnt use the hearing aids. Work with your audiologist to make each situation work for you.

Preventing Ear Infections In Children With Tubing

When ear infections become recurrent, as can often happen in children, a doctor may opt for additional measures to help prevent re-infection. Pressure-equalizing tubing may be inserted to allow fluids to flow out of the ear. A minor surgical procedure, inserting tubes is highly effective and poses no long-term risks.

Exactly What Is Otitis Media

To put it simply, otitis media is an infection of the middle ear. Bacteria is the most common cause, but it might be caused by any type of micro-organism.

Ear infections are identified by where they manifest in the ear. Otitis externa, otherwise known as swimmers ear, is an infection of the pinna or outer ear. The term labyrinthitis describes an infection of the cochlea or inner ear.

The middle ear consists of the area behind the eardrum but in front of the cochlea. The membranes of the inner ear are vibrated by three very small bones called ossicles which are located in this area. The eardrum can actually break due to the pressure from this sort of infection, which is likely to be very painful. This pressure is not only painful, it also causes hearing loss. The infectious material accumulates and finally blocks the ear canal enough to hinder the movement of sound waves.

The symptoms of a middle ear infection in an adult include:

  • Leakage from the ear
  • Pain in the ear

For the majority of people, hearing comes back over time. Hearing will come back after the pressure dissipates allowing the ear canal to open up. This will only happen when the infection is resolved. Sometimes there are complications, however.

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How Ear Infections Can Lead To Permanent Hearing Loss

Most ear infections are usually quite harmless, like the common cold. The real concern arises when the conditions persist for weeks or months. This is a sign of chronic infection, and it results in the build up for fluids in the middle ear area. When fluids persist in the middle ear, they increase pressure on your eardrums, and these might eventually burst. Though it sounds rather scary, this is a quite harmless defense mechanism used by your body to avoid more serious issues. The burst eardrum should heal within a few days.

But when the infection is left untreated, fluid build up continues and eventually cause permanent damage to the parts and structures within the ear. The infected fluid contains pus and germs and can cause serious damage to the tissue and delicate bones inside your ear. Cholesteatoma is such a condition, where chronic middle ear infection leads to abnormal growth of skill cells in the middle ear. This growth can block sounds, and result in conductive hearing loss.

Can A Middle Ear Infection Cause Hearing Loss

Can Sinus Infections Cause Permanent Hearing Loss In ...

Happily, the answer to this question is almost always no so long as timely treatment is enacted. The main danger of frequent ear infections in children is they can prevent proper hearing during a formative time of life when language skills are being developed. While a middle ear infection can cause hearing loss, other more common causes of hearing loss include:

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Causes Of Hearing Loss

There are many causes of hearing loss and a number of ways of explaining or classifying them. This article doesnt include much about causes of hearing loss present at birth it mostly covers hearing loss acquired from childhood onwards.

A straightforward way of categorising causes of hearing loss is based on the type of hearing loss and how it relates to which part of auditory or hearing system has become damaged or is in some way abnormal. Often, hearing loss is accompanied by tinnitus and sometimes by a balance problem.

So, this article lists and briefly explains all the main causes of hearing loss affecting one or more of these four parts of the auditory system:

Can You Prevent Ear Infections

Because colds are very infectious and easily spread among children, it can be very hard to prevent your child from getting sick. However, there are risk factors you can control:

  • Limit your childs exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Make sure your childand youare vaccinated against the flu every year
  • Follow good hygiene habits, like frequent handwashing and using hand sanitizer
  • Teach your child to cough into her elbow, not her hands
  • Wear swim ear plugs when swimming

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Chronic Otitis Media And Hearing Loss

  • Chronic Otitis Media and Hearing Loss

What is otitis media?

Otitis media refers to inflammation of the middle ear. When infection occurs, the condition is called “acute otitis media.” Acute otitis media occurs when a cold, allergy, or upper respiratory infection, and the presence of bacteria or viruses lead to the accumulation of pus and mucus behind the eardrum, blocking the Eustachian tube. This causes earache and swelling.

When fluid forms in the middle ear, the condition is known as “otitis media with effusion.” This occurs in a recovering ear infection or when one is about to occur. Fluid can remain in the ear for weeks to many months. When a discharge from the ear persists or repeatedly returns, this is sometimes called chronic middle ear infection. Fluid can remain in the ear up to three weeks following the infection. If not treated, chronic ear infections have potentially serious consequences such as temporary or permanent hearing loss.How does otitis media affect a childs hearing?

All children with middle ear infection or fluid have some degree of hearing loss. The average hearing loss in ears with fluid is 24 decibels…equivalent to wearing ear plugs. Thicker fluid can cause much more loss, up to 45 decibels .

Do children lose their hearing for reasons other than chronic otitis media?

Children can incur temporary hearing loss for other reasons than chronic middle ear infection and Eustachian tube dysfunction. They include:

  • Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
  • Signs And Symptoms Of Hearing Loss

    Can ear infections cause hearing loss?

    It’s not always easy to tell if you’re losing your hearing.

    Common signs include:

    • difficulty hearing other people clearly, and misunderstanding what they say, especially in noisy places
    • asking people to repeat themselves
    • listening to music or watching television loudly
    • having to concentrate hard to hear what other people are saying, which can be tiring or stressful

    The signs can be slightly different if you only have hearing loss in 1 ear or if a young child has hearing loss.

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    When the airbags deflate, these substances can cause a thermal or alkali burn, complicating the friction burns directly related to contact with the rapidly expanding airbag. Other authors have noted that airbag deployment can cause burns, usually of second degree and located in the upper extremities, trunk, and face.

    The Link Between Ear Infections And Childhood

    The risk of ear infections tends to decrease with age. Your chances of getting frequent ear infections are much higher in your childhood and teenage years. There is a particular reason for this. Remember the Eustachian tube in the middle ear? It is the link between the middle ear and the rest of your head . And the throat and nose area is a notoriously populated with harmful germs of all kind. The Eustachian tube is route one for these bugs to your ear.

    And as a kid, your Eustachian tube has a different shape and alignment which makes it easier for germs to travel up to the middle ear. In growing children, the tube is shorter, straighter and more horizontally aligned. One of the purposes of the Eustachian tube is to drain excess fluids that build up in the ear, down into the throat. This is easier when the tube is more vertical, as it usually is in the case of adults.

    During infection, the tube may get inflamed and blocked. This leads to stagnation of fluid in the ear, which attracts more bacteria from the throat through the tube. The situation is more severe in children since the horizontal tubes make it harder for the ears to drain properly at all times. As a kid, your Eustachian tube will also have a smaller opening, which is much easier to get clogged down.

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    The Link To Hearing Loss

    Middle ear infections can affect your child’s hearing. This can be unsettling, but it’s almost always temporary and doesn’t result in any permanent hearing loss. Still, any hearing loss should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

    Addressing hearing loss is important because infants and toddlers who suffer from chronic ear infections experience stretches of mild hearing loss during a crucial learning period for speech and language.

    How To Get Back Your Hearing After

    Can Ear Infections Cause Hearing Loss

    If you think that your hearing problem is caused by an underlying ear infection, seek medical help. As mentioned, hearing loss after an ear infection is unpredictable. No risks should be taken. The treatment should focus on curing the infection as soon as possible.

    1. Otitis Externa

    Otitis externa is successfully treated with ear drops. Usually, the symptoms of otitis externa will improve after a couple of days with the treatment. Without treatment, otitis externa will take weeks to resolve. There are four types of ear drops available:

    • Corticosteroid ear drops
    • Antifungal ear drops
    • Acidic ear drops

    Sometimes, a combination of these ear drops can be given. When using ear drops for the treatment of otitis externa, it is very important to use them correctly.

    • First, you will need to gently remove any debris or discharge from the outer ear using a cotton wool.
    • Once the outer ear is cleaned, apply the ear drops on the affected ear.
    • Warm the ear drops before using them by holding them in your hands for a couple of minutes.
    • After applying the ear drops, gently push and pull the affected ear for a couple of seconds so any trapped air gets out.
    • Lie down on one side for about five minutes after applying the ear drops to the affected ear in order for the drops to reach the ear canal and do their work.
    • Make sure to leave the ear canal open so it dries out.

    Other specialist treatments available when treating an outer ear infection include:

    • Dry swabbing
    • Syringing or irrigation
    • Microsuction

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    Will My Hearing Loss Be Permanent After An Ear Infection

    by Anderson Audiology | Aug 15, 2018 | Hearing Loss Articles

    An ear infection is the well-known name, but its medically referred to as otitis media or AOM. These ear infections can have an affect on children as well as adults, particularly after a cold or sinus infection. If you have a bad tooth, that can also lead to an ear infection.

    Hearing loss is one of the primary symptoms of an infection in the middle ear. But is it going to last forever? You might not recognize it but there is no simple answer. Ear infections have a lot going on. There is damage which can be caused that you need to understand and also how that injury can affect your hearing.

    Conductive Hearing Loss Caused By Ear Infections

    Conductive hearing loss can be brought on by chronic ear infections. Put simply, sound waves dont reach the inner ear with enough intensity. The ear has components along the canal that amplify the sound wave so that when it reaches the tiny hair cells of the inner ear, it is strong enough to trigger a vibration. With a conductive hearing loss, something changes along that route and the sound isnt amplified as much.

    Bacteria dont merely sit and do nothing in the ear when you get an ear infection. They need to eat to live and multiply, so they break down those mechanisms that amplify sound waves. The damage is normally done to the tiny little bones and also the eardrum. It doesnt take very much to break down these delicate bones. These bones will never come back once they are gone. Thats permanent damage and your hearing wont return on its own. Surgically putting in prosthetic bones is one possible way that a doctor might be able to correct this. The eardrum may have some scar tissue once it repairs itself, which can affect its ability to move. This can also potentially be corrected with surgery.

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    Home Remedies For An Ear Infection

    If you or your child has a typical ear infection without severe symptoms, you might try some of these home remedies:

    • Pain relievers. A dose of over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can reduce the pain and fever.
    • Compresses. Whether you prefer a warm compress or an ice pack, this method is safe for children and adults. You can even alternate them if doing so helps you feel better.
    • A change in sleeping position. Try putting extra pillows under your head to help your ear drain when you go to sleep at night.
    • Distraction. If your child is really fussy, try a distraction technique to take their mind off their painful ear. A favorite toy, snack, or game might do the trick.

    Sinus Infections Can Cause Loss Of Hearing

    Infection and Hearing Loss: Audiology

    Having grown up with that silly childrens song, some of us accepted long ago that somehow the knee bone is connected to the jaw bone, but did you know your nose is connected to your ear? More specifically, your nasal sinus cavity links to your eardrum, which occasionally causes hearing loss when suffering from acute or chronic sinusitis. If you or someone you know finds themselves enduring this condition, the best move is to treat sinusitis before it causes permanent damage, especially in children.

    What is Sinusitis?

    Simply put, sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the sinus cavity, the air pocket tucked behind the bones of your nose and between your eyes. The two kinds of sinusitis, acute and chronic, share similar symptoms: runny nose, tension headaches, postnasal drip, coughing, and congestion. The difference lies in the longevity of their course. Chronic, by definition, refers to a lasting condition, whereas acute implies immediate and short-term discomfort fewer than eight weeks.

    Though people with acute sinusitis may experience temporary bouts of hearing loss, the ability to hear usually restores itself once the infection clears. Chronic sinusitis, on the other hand, may turn temporary hearing loss into a permanent condition when complicated by an accompanying ear infection.

    Why the Hearing Loss?

    What Do I Do?

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    Ear Infection Hearing Loss Is A Type Of Conductive Hearing Loss

    Conductive hearing loss affects the outer or middle ear rather than the auditory nerve, the way sensorineural hearing loss does. Conductive hearing loss is commonly caused by an obstruction in the middle ear. The middle ear moves to send sounds to your auditory nerve. Any obstruction can prevent sounds from passing through the middle ear and cause hearing loss. A buildup of wax, fluid in the middle ear, or a hole in the ear drum can each cause conductive hearing loss.

    Otitis media is the medical term for an ear infection affecting the middle ear. The infection can cause a buildup of fluid, making it difficult for the eardrum and the ossicular chain to work together to move sounds to the auditory nerve. The ossicular chain in the middle ear is made up of the three smallest bones in your body. Called the malleus, incus and stapes, each one is as small as a single grain of rice.

    How Do You Know If You Ruptured Your Eardrum

    A ruptured drum can happen suddenly in the case of an injury or accident, resulting in sharp pain. Other signs include:

    • Ringing in the ear .
    • A spinning sensation called vertigo, with accompanying nausea or vomiting.
    • Episodic ear infections.
    • Drainage that can be clear, bloody, or puss-like and which is usually smelly.
    • Lingering discomfort in the ear a feeling that somethings just not right.

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    Otitis Media Exactly What Is It

    Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear to put it simply. Bacteria is the most common cause, but it could be caused by any type of micro-organism.

    The main way an infection is defined is by what part of the ear it occurs in. The outer ear, which is called the pinna, is the part of the ear where swimmers ear happens, which is called otitis externa. The term labyrinthitis refers to an infection of the cochlea or inner ear.

    The space behind the eardrum but in front of the cochlea is called the middle ear. This area houses the three ossicles, or tiny bones, that vibrate the membranes of the inner ear. An infection in this area tends to be very painful because it puts pressure on the eardrum, usually until it actually breaks. That pressure is also why you dont hear very well. The infectious material accumulates and blocks the ear canal enough to hinder the movement of sound waves.

    The symptoms of a middle ear infection in an adult include:

    • Leakage from the ear
    • Pain in the ear
    • Diminished hearing

    Usually, hearing will come back in the course of time. Hearing will come back after the pressure dissipates permitting the ear canal to open up. The issue will only be resolved when the infection gets better. Sometimes there are complications, however.

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