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How Does Tmj Cause Hearing Loss

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Dont Put Tinnitus Treatment Off Any Longer

Tinnitus, Hearing Loss, and Coronavirus

You may think that ear ringing or occasional ear pain is just a simple annoyance. But thats really not true not if you look at your symptoms as part of a bigger concern thats happening to your body

TMJ patients with ringing in their ears often experience pain of one sort or another. They may have earaches, migraines, or shoulder tension. And none of that falls under the category of simply annoying.

These symptoms of TMJ disorder can affect your daily life. Even if you dont have any painful symptoms now, that doesnt mean you wont get them in the future.

Save yourself a lot of pain and frustration by getting treatment from my Mount Prospect dentist office. Well create a TMJ treatment plan that will provide you with relief and prevent further damage down the road.

Do you think you might have TMJ Disorder? Here at the Meyer Dental Group we believe that TMJ sufferers should get a proper diagnosis from their a dentist. Book a TMJ consultation or fill out my free TMJ Pain Questionnaire. Youll get a response with my recommendations for treatment and relief.

Dr. Tom Meyer DDS TMJ Chicago dentist, dentist Mount Prospect

Correlation Between Aural Fullness And Tmd

Major clinical manifestations of the patient cohort were listed in . Eighty-nine patients passed the pure tone audiometry , and 22 patients showed unilateral or bilateral hearing loss at 48 kHz . All the 112 patients included in the study exhibited air-bone gap 5 dB and air conduction threshold 25 dB in pure tone audiometry . All patients exhibited type A tympanogram according to the Liden/Jerger classification system. X-ray scan was performed to examine the temporomandibular joint of all the patients. Three patients were also examined by CT scan. Forty patients showed abnormalities including narrowing or widening of the joint space, extrusion of the articular disk of mandibular joint, roughing of the joint surface, or cortical bone loss and adhesion. Of the 72 patients that showed normal temporomandibular joint structure, 68 were categorized as group I disorders based on the RDC/TMD . The remaining 4 patients were classified to group II disorders based on their history of temporomandibular joint injury, together with other 35 patients . Five patients belong to group III disorders . A grading system was established to assess the severity of aural fullness. Correlation between aural fullness and TMD classification was shown in .

Connection Between Tmjd And Tinnitus:

The ligaments connect the malleus and middle ear bone to the jaw. And also certain nerves serving both the jaw and the eardrum.

Additionally, this is evidence that a nerve supply from the TMJD connects to parts of the brain associated with hearing. For this reason, the problem with muscles, cartilage, and ligaments of the TMJ can lead to the tinnitus.

Generally, tinnitus caused due to TMJD is treatable. The problem can be disappeared by resolving underline problems.

Signs Your Tinnitus is caused by TMJD

Generally, there are very few chances that your tinnitus is caused by TMJD. Still, there is not 100% surety about that.

You can identify that by establishing the link between two conditions.

Does your tinnitus change

  • when you chew, yawn, or a cough?
  • when you move your jaw forward or clench your teeth?
  • when you move your neck?

If you suspect your tinnitus may be related to your TMJ, talk to your doctor or dental specialist in addition to your audiologist.

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How Does The Tmj Nextgeneration Device Work

The ear canal is located very close to the temporomandibular joint and the shape of the ear canal changes somewhat when the jaw is opened or closed through movements such as chewing, smiling, and speaking. The device uses this anatomical change to provide a unique near field TMJD treatment.

The TMJ NextGeneration Device can be up to or greater than 20% larger in its dynamic geometry than the ear canal when in a jaw closed position. It is this change in volume or ear canal space that is believed to apply subtle pressure against the walls of the ear canal and by proximity to the TMJ and surrounding muscle and nerve tissue encouraging the patient to return to the open bite position minimizing the tendency to clench the jaw and tense the surrounding muscles.

Results Of Multidisciplinary Approach

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Studies have shown benefits for treating tinnitus associated with TMD. Wright and Bifano, in 1997, studied tinnitus in patients with TMD and reported that 56% were cured and 30% showed significant improvement with cognitive therapy and modulation through maneuvers . Sherman et al. in 2001 found that TMD treatment resulted in greater improvement when combined with psychological and dental treatment, showing improved outcomes when combined with conventional dental therapy alone, implying that psychological factors should be taken into account in the treatment of TMD .

Stomatognathic treatment includes therapy of myorelaxant plaques, therapeutic exercises for lower jaw, and occlusal adjustment. Occlusal plaques, considered as reversible and noninvasive devices for the treatment of TMD, can regulate the vertical dimension of occlusion and eliminate malocclusion. They contribute to muscle relaxation, pain relief, and promote neuromuscular stability .

Treatment through muscle relaxation, through massage and stretching exercises, is reported by some authors. Other authors have shown good results with drug treatment . Okeson et al., comparing muscle relaxation therapies with the use of occlusal plaques, concluded that occlusal plaque therapy was more effective than muscle relaxation therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders .

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Why Do The Effects Of Tmj Increase With Age

TMJ is often seen in older adults because the small discs that absorb shock could move out of the correct position or erode. In addition, arthritis or damaged cartilage may also lead to TMJ symptoms. With this condition, the hinge that binds the upper and lower jaw is damaged or doesn’t function correctly, which causes the lower jaw to move back.

Also, dental restorations that include crowns and dentures can lead to TMJ if they are not correctly placed. Dentures can often contribute to TMJ because every tooth must be replaced, which is why dentures must be appropriately fitted to the mouth as well as the teeth.

A study that was published in the Journal of Oral Research found that one in three older adults will develop the condition. The study primarily focused on individuals over the age of 60. Participants in this study reported:

  • Face pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Discomfort speaking and chewing

In many cases, TMJ is seen in women more often than it is in men. However, a study that was published in the Mexican Journal of Odontology found that among older adults with TMJ, men reported more symptoms than women. Moreover, the study also noted that there are links between TMJ and poor oral health and dental problems, which may include bite disorders.

Can Tmj Impact Your Hearing

Just as the underlying causes of TMD havent been fully determined, physicians havent been able to pinpoint the exact reasons why TMD impacts hearing. There is a general consensus that inflammation or pressure caused by the TMJ blocks the eustachian tubes in the ear. If these tubes arent able to properly drain fluid out of the middle ear, it can lead to hearing difficulties or tinnitus. If these conditions go untreated, it can create more severe problems with damage to the inner ear and long-term hearing loss.

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Anatomical Relationship Of The Ear And Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular joint is a ginglymoarthrodial joint that allows the movement in one planebackward and forward. The TMJ forms a bicondylar articulation with an elliptical shape, and its articular surface is covered by a fibrocartilage . Movement is guided by the shape of the bones, muscles, ligaments and also by the occlusion of the teeth.

Figure 1.

Left: General picture of the relationship of TMJ and other cranial structures. Right: A closer image of the components of the TMJ.

How To Treat Ear Pain

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The conservative treatment for ear pain caused by temporo-mandibular joint disorder is very simple. First, we recommend a soft diet which means no heavy chewing of foods such as raw fruits and vegetables, hard-crusted bread or tough meat. We recommend soft foods such as noodles, scrambled eggs, well-cooked meat and vegetables to reduce the strain on the jaw joint during eating. Of course, we recommend no chewing of gum or other recreational chewing. We recommend the application of warm packs a couple of times a day to help relax some of the musculature in that area. We also recommend prescription-strength anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen around-the-clock for about a week to reduce the inflammation in that area. These measures should help resolve the TMJ flare. Also helpful is the use of a mouthguard or bite plate, especially during sleep. Mouthguards relieve stress from the joint and our TMJ patients have reported instant relief after use. Mouthguards are available over-the-counter and are quite affordable. There are custom bite plates as well that your dentist can make for you which are much more expensive but also more clinically effective.

Other common causes of ear pain are swimmers ear or excessive wax impaction which are disorders of the ear canal. Also, less common in adults is otitis media which is an infection of the middle ear. This is the same kind of ear infection that babies and young children often get.

Research & Publications

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Not A Disc Problem But A Problem With Alignment

In this section, we will explore how doctors are beginning to recognize that physical therapy and exercise may benefit the patient with concurrent TMJ and tinnitus symptoms.

Some people do very well with physical therapy for their symptoms. These are usually not the people we see. While the benefits of physical therapy and exercise below are explored as being beneficial, for many patients these treatments will not have long-lasting or even short-term success. The problem is physical therapy and exercise cannot alleviate a problem caused by damaged and weakened cervical spine ligaments and damaged tendon attachments to the bone. For physical therapy and exercise to be successful, these soft tissue supporting structures must be strong enough to create the resistance needed for the muscles to strengthen. If you are having difficulties holding your head up, if you suffer from neurological problems beyond tinnitus such as vision problems, heart rate variation, difficulty swallowing, etc, it may be likely that you are suffering from significant cervical spine instability. I will address this below.

How Tmjd Affects The Ear:

Irritation of jaw joint can transfer to the ear simply due to location. The TMJ is located adjacent to the ear. So, the swelling and inflammation of the jaw joint often have a direct effect on the ears.

This inflammation can also cause blocked eustachian tubes. In result, a painful feeling in-ear and difficulty in the ear. In the tube, if fluid cannot drain normally then hearing is almost always affects.

The nerve in and around the ears may also be picking up on these pains, inflammatory signals from the TMJ, resulting in the change to hear.

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The Symptoms Of Tmj And Tinnitus Vary From Patient To Patient

When patients suffer from a myriad of confusing and often conflicting diagnoses, they search for others like themselves to see what their experiences were how they may have come to terms, or a resolution of their tinnitus and TMJ challenges. What many people find is that the severity of TMJ and Tinnitus vary greatly, while there are many similar characteristics, there are many variables. Sometimes there is hearing loss, some times there is no hearing loss.

This will lead to discussions that jaw pain is not that significant as tinnitus and neck pain are. Conversely, jaw pain is significant, tinnitus is not that significant and neck pain comes and goes. It is these variations in pain, severity, and function that often confuses doctors and patients alike in trying to determine a proper treatment path. In many patients we see we focus on the possible underlying common problem, the problem of cervical instability.

Can This Dysfunction Be Treated

Are TMJ and Tinnitus Related? Latest Research Confirms ...

A doctor or dentist can generally spot TMD through a physical examination, but an audiologist or ENT may also suspect a problem with the TMJ if an individual complains of ear fullness, hearing loss, or tinnitus but doesnt display any common signs of an ear-related condition. The diagnosis may follow after your jaw has been checked for pain, popping noises, or stiffness. Your physician may also recommend that panoramic X-rays be taken to fully see what is going on with the jaw, teeth, and facial bones.

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What Happens If Tmj Is Not Treated

Although TMJ isn’t a condition that is life-threatening, the symptoms can have a negative impact on your quality of life. If left untreated, TMJ can lead to severe headaches, pain in the back, shoulders and neck, and tinnitus.

Tinnitus is ringing in the ears and can also cause earaches. Moreover, tinnitus can also lead to permanent hearing loss and inner ear problems. Inner ear problems can cause balance impairment and Vertigo. TMJ can also compromise your vision.

A 2012 study also found that TMJ increases depression and anxiety as well as sleep impairment. The chronic pain that can be associated with TMJ may cause sleep loss, which significantly increases the risk of depression over time.

In addition, TMJ can also cause malnutrition and eating disorders. There are many individuals with TMJ who avoid eating or only eat a soft diet that lacks the nutrients that are needed to keep individuals healthy. Eating a well-balanced is essential for the overall health of older adults, which is why treatment for TMJ is so essential.

It is vital that any senior that experiences the symptoms of TMJ seek medical care. By treating the condition early, it will reduce the chances of severe pain and other symptoms that are seen with TMJ.

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Worn Cracked Or Broken Teeth

When the jaw joints, muscles, and teeth do not work in harmony, an imbalance occurs in the bite. When your top and bottom teeth come together, the misalignment can cause excessive pressure on certain teeth which can cause worn, cracked, or broken teeth. In addition, patients with TMJ disorders also tend to clench or grind their teeth, which can also lead to worn, cracked, or broken teeth. If you visit your dentist regularly for cleanings, they will usually tell you if they see signs of wear from clenching and grinding.

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What About Tmj And Ear Issues

TMJ disorder can impact your ears and hearing. For some people, it can lead to tinnitus, ear pain, and hearing loss. The symptoms of TMJ-related hearing conditions mimic several common ear conditions, but when combined with an experience of other TMJ symptoms, it is easier to receive a more accurate diagnosis. Sounds or sensations include:

  • Ringing in the ears
  • Ear pain
  • Popping or clicking sounds when the jaw is opened, closed, or moved
  • Feelings of fullness or pressure inside the ear

The extent of your experience with these symptoms ranges in severity according to the severity of your disorder. The more severe the case of TMD, the more significant the impact it had on hearing.

Patient Frustrations The Long Wait To See If Treatment Was Effective Or Not And Seeing What May Or May Not Help

Does TINNITUS Cause Hearing Loss?

In our article tinnitus treatment when there are symptoms of cervical spine instability, we noted two recent research studies that took the time to ask patients what their feelings were in how they were being treated for their tinnitus. In the first study from October 2018 , researchers at Hofstra, Yale, and Columbia Universities wrote: Many patients are not satisfied with their doctors answer when they complain about tinnitus. Why? A May/June 2019 study in the journal Ear and Hearing. may offer us the clue as this paper suggested that the full experience of living with tinnitus from a patients perspective has been under-investigated. This under-investigation may miss the true cause of the patients problems.

What these two studies suggest is reflected in the stories that we hear from our patients. They sound like this:

I have TMJ only on my right side, and that is the side I have tinnitus.

I have TMJ only on my right side, and that is the side I have tinnitus. I wear a neuromuscular orthotic at night. My surgeon told me that we have to wait a few months to see if this helps before we can move onto surgery. I have been wearing it, it is not helping, but I have to wait some more. I need help today.

If I ice my jaw or take anti-inflammatories my tinnitus gets better

I have TMJ, Tinnitus, and many other problems

Insufficient knowledge in diagnosis and treatment

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What Is Temporomandibular Joint

It is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. You have one joint on each side of your jaw. These joints coordinate with ligaments, muscles, discs, and bones in your face, head, and neck to help you chew, yawn, and talk.

Any injury or damage to this joint can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint syndrome.

How Untreated Tmd Can Affect Your Mental Health

Patients enduring the pain associated with TMD may find comfort in using pain management medications. Over time, patients may need to increase their dosage to combat the pain, which can have negative long-term effects. Additionally, a 2016 study revealed that anxiety and depression may cause TMD, or TMD may trigger certain psychiatric problems. The study concluded that anxiety and depression should be considered as part of TMD treatment for patients with risk factors for anxiety and depression.

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